Today, more and more people give importance to the environment and related issues. Attempts are made at individual and government levels for a sustainable life. However, the usage of fossil fuel poses a slew of hazards to the atmosphere. Plus, conventional energy sources have a limited supply. In such a scenario, solar power or sunvival energy comes as a better alternative. Let’s find more about solar farms and the benefits thereon.
What is solar energy?
In a nutshell, it’s the conversion of sun energy into electricity. With modern technologies, harnessing light and heat from the sun has become easier than ever. Various direct and indirect options for energy conversion exist. Direct options include photovoltaic farms – setups that convert solar power into electricity and other forms of energy.
Indirect methods include concentrated solar power. It uses mirrors or lenses and tracking systems for concentrating sunlight. After concentration, the resulting heat is used and transformed into electricity using traditional steam-driven turbines.
With the development of modern techniques (Hybrid systems), it’s possible to combine direct and indirect methods to harness sun energy into electricity. Solar energy plants are set up for the purpose. Each plant has hundreds of panels, depending on the amount of energy required and the final usage.
Even domestic users can tap sun energy by installing solar panels near their homes. Let’s figure out how solar energy gets transformed into electricity as we find today.
How solar energy systems convert sunlight into electricity?
Have you ever wondered how solar panels work? Those hi-tech shimmering glass pieces are only one component of the complex network that taps the sun’s energy to deliver electricity within your home.
To tap solar power, you’ve to install panels on your roof or nearby areas. Each panel is made of a layer of silicon cells, wiring, a glass casing encircled by a special film, and a metal frame. The panels are grouped into arrays and installed in a large outdoor area or a rooftop for better results. Solar cells, also called photovoltaic cells, tap sunlight during daylight.
Each solar cell contains a thin semiconductor wafer. The wafer is made out of two silicon layers. One layer is negatively charged and the other layer is positively charged, to form an electric field. When sunlight strikes a solar cell, the cell gets energized, freeing electrons from atoms in the semiconductor wafer. Once the electric field encompassing the wafer sets electrons loose in motion, the electrical current generates.
However, the electricity generated is direct current electricity, which can’t power most homes. An inverter comes in handy to convert direct electricity (DC) into alternating current (AC). Solar or photovoltaic farms have one big inverter for all panels. Setting micro-inverters behind each panel is another option for converting DC into AC electricity.
Once solar energy transforms into AC electricity or alternating current, it runs via the electrical panel and gets distributed throughout the home to power your appliances. Solar power works like an electric company’s power generated via the grid. So, nothing needs a major change. You stay connected to the conventional electric supply company and can draw additional electricity to meet the shortages.
Uses of solar energy
Most individuals think that sun energy has its usage for powering homes just like conventional electricity. However, that’s only one application of this reusable energy. Besides powering your gadgets, sunvival energy is used as heat for heating buildings, making hot water, and cooking.
Sun-rays also help to separate salt from water. Companies engaged in marine activities use sun-rays for salt separation. Some nations such as the US and Australia have started solar transportation. Cars are a special mention in this regard. The world is all set to embrace solar power for its applications in trains, buses, and airplanes.
Benefits of solar energy
The installation of solar energy plants doesn’t seem to stop anytime, thanks to the increasing number of users. On the contrary, there appears to be a craze for tapping sun energy for various purposes. So, what might be the reason for the surge? Let’s understand this point in view of solar power’s advantages.
Traditional energy sources are limited and expected to get exhausted in the future. However, sun energy is renewable. People all over the world can harness solar power. As long as there’s the sun in the sky, solar energy will be readily available. So, the question of running out of sun energy doesn’t arise, which is the case with traditional sources.
Fossil fuels and other raw materials for generating energy cost money. Sun energy, on the other hand, is freely available. It doesn’t cost a dime to buy sunlight. Solar panels and installation charges are required to tap energy. However, they’re a one-time cost. There’s no need to pay for sunlight. So, anyone can capitalize on sun energy for the desired purposes.
Installing and setting up solar farms is easy. You don’t have to be a professional to tap sun energy. Panel systems come with the installation guide. Even better, most panel vendors offer free of cost installation. You don’t need to move a needle for the job. Just follow the instruction manual and get ready for free energy.
Low maintenance cost
Solar panels don’t require too much maintenance. Effective cleaning of panels ensures their longevity for years. Anyone can carry out the cleaning process in their spare time. Plus, most manufacturers offer 20 to 25 years of warranty on panels, thus bringing down the maintenance costs.
Flexible installation options
Installing electricity panels come with rigid requirements. You’ve to abide by those rules and make way for effective setup. Any mistakes can invite penalties or elevate the cost. Solar panel installations allow a fair degree of flexibility. You can mount the panels in your outdoor area or place them on the rooftop.
Plus, you get to use your space optimally. Most panels use minimum horizontal space. Such an adjustment lets you make the most out of a limited area when setting up the system.
The world currently faces global warming and climate change issues. Greenhouse gases and the hazards of fossil fuels contribute to key problems. Governments and people look for solutions to ensure a sustainable planet. The use of solar or sunvival energy comes in handy to achieve this goal. Solar power neither harms the atmosphere nor emits hazards into the environment. So, the use of sun power paves the path for a sustainable earth.
Saves energy bills
The cost of conventional energy keeps rising day by day. Users have to bear hefty bills each month.
The situation doesn’t appear to ease anytime in the future. In such a scenario, photovoltaic farms come as a boon. Once set up, a solar system will power the appliances free of cost. By using more sun energy and less traditional electricity, you can save enough money every month.
Sunvival energy looks like a promising source for the future and well-being of the earth. All it takes is the initial cost and setup. Once installed, tapping sunlight becomes easy. Ease of usage, low maintenance, Eco-friendly, and energy savings are the premium perks associated with solar farms. For these reasons, domestic and commercial users install solar energy plants to capitalize on varied benefits.