Weddings, bat and bar mitzvahs, communions…they’re all ritual practices we’ve grown accustomed to.
Rituals are created by societies to establish a sense of community and oneness.
But not every ritual ends with a party and a cake. Even in 2016, there are still some cultures that continue to enforce ancient ceremonial practices — often at the expense, belittlement, and abuse of women.
Here are some of the most bizarre and horrific rituals performed on women to this day.
Women in Mauritania are expected to be full-figured, so young women are force-fed a diet of 16,000 calories a day before their wedding. Young girls are overfed as children in preparation for this. Naturally, the practice comes with countless health problems down the line and can even lead to death from burst stomachs.
2. Crying marriages
In Southwest China’s Sichuan Province, the Tujia people practice a strange Qing Dynasty custom called “Zuo Tang” that forces brides to cry every night before their wedding for a whole month. After 10 days of crying alone, her mother is supposed to join. Ten days after that, her grandmother. Soon, aunts, female cousins, and sisters join the cry-fest until the wedding day.
3. Female circumcision
Women in the Sabiny tribe in Uganda are forced to have part of if not their ENTIRE clitoris removed as a symbol of achieving womanhood. The process has a high chance of causing death by infection, but to Sabiny women, it’s all part of an elaborate test to prove their loyalty to their men.
Certain sects of the Romani people — otherwise known as Gypsies and largely concentrated in Europe — believe that if a man kidnaps a woman he likes for three to five days, he has every right to marry her.
5. Teeth chiseling
The women of the Mentawai Islands in Sumatra have their teeth filed into points. This is said to make them more attractive to men. The local shaman bangs away at the teeth with a knife; later, they’re chiseled into something resembling shark teeth.
In parts of Brazil, it’s customary to beat women in the streets as some kind of test for marriage. The woman is kidnapped and brought out naked into the town, where she is beaten by strangers until she passes out. This, of course, often leads to death.
7. Forced tattoos
Tattoos are cool…unless you’re forced to get one. That’s what goes on in parts of Paraguay and Brazil. When girls come of age, they’re expected to get either their stomachs, breasts, or backs tattooed in order to impress a mate.
8. Breast burning
There are cultures in Cameroon, Nigeria, and South Africa that press hot stones on young women’s breasts as a way to keep them from growing. Supposedly, the reasoning behind burning the flesh off the boob is so that the women don’t encourage men to rape them. This act is often commissioned by the girl’s parents.
While in most cases, these things only happen in extreme sects of certain cultures, the fact that the rituals are still performed is disgusting. What’s worse, if the women speak out about them, they are perceived as betraying their people.
Read more: http://www.viralnova.com/women-rituals/