Writing

7 Essay Writing Techniques Every Fresher Needs to Know

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Being a fresher in college is not easy. While this time can be the most exciting in your entire life, it is also extremely challenging. There are a lot of new difficult tasks that you’re going to deal with at college, and among the most tricky ones are numerous types of academic papers. 

But don’t worry just yet. If you are diligent from the start, you’ll gradually get to know and master all the ins and outs of writing such papers. So, by the time when they will get complex, you’ll already be well-prepared. 

Just be careful to not underestimate the importance of writing assignments during your first year. Remember that even though right now you can use help from the best essay, you will still need to learn how to write essays. Do it while you’re a fresher, and you’ll be thanking yourself in years to come! 

To make this task easier for you, we’ve put together a list of the essential essay writing techniques that every fresher needs to know in order to write impressive papers with no hassle and stress. Enjoy! 

Brainstorming Your Topic 

Your topic is where your essay starts. There will be occasions when you’ll be assigned a specific topic by your professor. Still, oftentimes, you’ll have to come up with an original idea based on the prompts given. In the latter case, it’s crucial to find a really interesting and relevant topic that you’ll enjoy writing your essay on. 

Here’s how you can do it:

  • Write down a list of topics that you like thinking or talking about;
  • If you feel like you’re stuck and can’t come up with anything at all, relax and go outside. Try to come up with some ideas while being away from your laptop. Don’t forget to write them down later on! 
  • Look out for good ideas in media publications or on social media. 

After several brainstorming sessions, you will have an abundance of topics to choose from. 

Making Your Topic Specific 

After you’ve come up with some general topics, choose the one that best relates to your task, meets your teacher’s requirements, and interests you the most. 

Then, make your chosen topic as specific as you can. 

Here’s how:

  • Find subtopics that relate to your broader theme;
  • Choose the ones that interest you most;
  • Conduct preliminary research to find out how much information is available;
  • Think about why your topic may be interesting to your audience;
  • Formulate your topic in the form of a question. 

Defining Your Essay Type and Making an Outline 

Next, define your essay type and make an outline so that you could structure your ideas. As for the type, it can already be indicated in your assignment. If it isn’t, devote some time to learning about the most common essay types and their definitions. 

When you know them, you won’t have much trouble attributing the essay that you’re going to write to a certain type. As for the outline, the basic one is common for all essays and looks as follows:

  • Introduction;
  • Body paragraphs (typically three to five of them);
  • Conclusion. 

However, it may differ depending on your essay type, so be sure to learn more about how to make an outline for a certain type of paper. 

Image source: https://unsplash.com/photos/CxYHfBkC0vs 

Conducting Preliminary Research 

There’s no way you can proceed with your essay without having at least some information on the chosen subject. So, unless your text has to be based completely on your personal experience, you need to conduct preliminary research. 

To do it, start with reading whatever you can find related to your topic – magazine and newspaper articles, academic and scholarly publications, books. Don’t dig too deep at this stage, but don’t forget to make notes! 

Come Up With a Solid Thesis Statement

A thesis statement is a central element of an essay that reflects its core idea and determines the direction in which you will be developing your topic. It’s practically impossible to write a good paper without a strong thesis statement, so be sure to devote sufficient time to this part. 

In order to make an impressive thesis statement, do the following:

  • Turn your topic into a question with “why” or “how”;
  • Write down the answers to this question;
  • Come up with comprehensive answers;
  • Add your own opinion if necessary (depending on your essay type). 

Developing Arguments 

Your arguments are the body of your essay. There are usually three of them, but the exact number depends on the type of paper and the requirements of your assignment. For certain types, counter arguments are also required. 

In any case, each of your arguments should be well-developed and supported by evidence and/or examples. Don’t forget to use only reliable sources and cite them properly. 

Each argument should answer a certain question posed in your thesis statement, so don’t pick your arguments at random. When deliberating if you should choose one, make your decision based on how a certain argument relates to your thesis statement, how persuasive it is, and if you can support it with sufficient evidence. 

Writing a Conclusion 

A weak conclusion may nullify all your previous efforts and spoil the overall impression of your essay. Thus, it’s important to know how to write this part, too. Basically, a good conclusion should be short and concise. It should restate your thesis statement and summarize all your arguments. 

In your conclusion, you shouldn’t introduce any new ideas or pose any questions. Yet, you may end the text with a rhetorical question which will leave your readers having their own ideas about your topic. 

Wrapping Up

These were the basic essay writing techniques that are absolutely essential for every college student, freshers included. Of course, there’s more to writing great academic papers than just that. Still, even if you start with these few, you’ll be able to craft decent essays that will get you high marks.

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